News & Analysis

Premium Content Sign Up

Assessing free agent value through comparable players: defensive interior

Jan 20, 2019; Kansas City, MO, USA; Kansas City Chiefs defensive end Chris Jones (95) reacts during the second half of the AFC Championship game against the New England Patriots at Arrowhead Stadium. Mandatory Credit: Mark Rebilas-USA TODAY Sports

With only two teams remaining to compete in the Super Bowl, the offseason is in full swing for the rest of the NFL and football pundits. We at PFF are also getting into the action with the launch of our 2020 Draft Guide and new Free Agency Rankings tool, which allows you to sort by position and team needs and includes contract projections from OverTheCap as well as historical grades and wins above replacement numbers for the past three seasons.

I am also doing a series of articles that will go through our top-4 ranked free agents at each position (excluding QBs), using their past stats to match them with historical players. Once we have a sample of similar players, we can see how those similar players performed in subsequent seasons to get an idea of the current player’s range of outcomes.

This system is similar to FiveThirtyEight’s CARMELO player projections, only it is applied to football and uses PFF’s WAR metric as the proxy for player value.

In earlier research, I looked at historical WAR and salary cap figures to derive the approximate cost of a win. Adjustments to our WAR calculation and the ever-rising NFL salary cap has moved the current estimate for the price of a win for spending on unrestricted free agents at 34.2% of the cap, or $68.4 million based on an assumed 2020 cap of $200 million.

Buying wins in free agency is an expensive proposition, but the value of each incremental win for a playoff-caliber team cannot be understated. This year, teams are going to have tough decisions on how to spend that money. The first installment on wide receivers, the second on running backs and tight ends, and the third on offensive linemen have already been published. In this article, we’re forecasting free agents at the defensive interior.

Methodology

For each of the interior defensive linemen below, the closest comparable players were found by measuring the similarity between them based on several features — age (within one year), weight, WAR, previous-year WAR, PFF pass rush grade, PFF run defense grade, nose tackle snap percentage, and WAR per snap.

The most similar players across these metrics are grouped together to calculate the expected WAR numbers for 2020 and 2021, with the weight of each comp reflecting the level of similarity. I didn’t use the same number of comps for all players, as it is more difficult to find a wide range of comparable seasons for older players.

The first plot displays past and future performance for the free agent based on the comp, the next shows the relevant WAR numbers for each of the comps and the final table gives the dollar-based value figures for 2018-2021, with assumed per-team salary caps of $200 million in 2020 and $215 million in 2021. I decided to restrict the forecasts to the next two years in order to maximize the number of comparable players we have in the dataset, reduce error for longer forecasts and reflect the fact that all but the top-tier free agent contracts in the NFL are glorified two-year deals that give teams the option to continue.

No. 7: Chris Jones

Jones is one of the biggest names set to hit the free agent market, and his projections provide a narrower range than most. He’s expected to basically reproduce his 2019 WAR production the next two seasons, with roughly 0.05 WAR higher and lower for the ceiling and floor.

Geno Atkins is Jones’ closest comparable player at the same age (26 years old), followed by a plethora of recognized stars. The WAR numbers for these players might be smaller than expected, but the key is the high floor we discussed above.

Outcome 2018 2019 2020 2021 Two-Year Per
Actual/Expected $12.1 $10.9 $10.9 $11.8 $11.4
Ceiling (90th) N/A N/A $14.4 $16.2 $15.3
Floor (10th) N/A N/A $8.9 $6.6 $7.8

OverTheCap projects a four-year contract worth $18 million per year for Jones, with $52 million fully guaranteed. That doesn’t look like a value in comparison to his expected WAR numbers, but at least risk is limited.

Subscribe to PFF Edge to continue reading

Already have a subscription? Sign In

NFL Featured Tools

  • Our exclusive database, featuring the most in-depth collection of NFL player performance data.

  • PFF's exclusive metrics provide matchup previews, position rankings, grades, and snap counts.

  • In-depth analysis and PFF metrics for NFL quarterbacks from the 2019 season.

  • 250+ three-page scouting profiles - advanced stats, 3-year grades, player comps, combine data and Senior Bowl grades - for the 2020 draft class.

  • NFL free agent rankings with analysis, projected salaries, PFF grades and PFF WAR.

PFF Edge
Unlock Player Grades, Fantasy & NFL Draft
Learn More
$39.99 / yr
$9.99 / mo
PFF Elite
Unlock Premium Stats, PFF Greenline & DFS
Learn More
$199.99 / yr
$34.99 / mo