NFL Draft News & Analysis

Fantasy Football: How 2024 NFL Draft's quarterback class stacks up in stable metrics

2T894HX Clemson, United States. 18th Nov, 2023. November 18, 2023: North Carolina Tar Heels quarterback Drake Maye (10) throws on third down against the Clemson Tigers in the ACC Football matchup at Memorial Stadium in Clemson, SC. (Scott Kinser/CSM/Sipa USA) (Credit Image: © Scott Kinser/Cal Sport Media/Sipa USA) Credit: Sipa US/Alamy Live News

• North Carolina’s Drake Maye leads the way: Maye is expected to be a top-two pick in this year’s NFL draft, boasting strong stable metrics.

• Bo Nix and Jayden Daniels avoid red flags across the stable metric board: Both players are ranked among the top four at their position, and they maintain that ranking across these stable metric categories.

Dig into the numbers for yourself: PFF's Premium Stats is the most in-depth collection of NFL and NCAA player performance data. Subscribe today to get full access!

Estimated Reading Time: 8 minutes

With the NFL offseason officially underway, so is 2024 NFL Draft season. Plenty of fantasy football general managers are building out their rookie draft boards for dynasty purposes.

Looking at how each position stacks up against one another from an analytics standpoint is just one of the many tools to consider during the evaluation process. This series focuses purely on the key stable metrics that translate more often than not from college to the NFL. It's a way for dynasty managers, and fantasy managers, in general, to get familiar with this year’s rookie class.

A few notes about how this series will work:

  • Rankings are based entirely on how these players performed in PFF’s stable metrics over the past two seasons.
  • Athletic ability and size are not taken into account for this process. Again, this is just one of many evaluation tools to consider.
  • This list includes all 15 quarterbacks from the PFF big board but does not provide any weight to projected draft capital, competition level or their overall ranking, though that context will often be provided.


Quarterback Clean-Pocket Grade Clean Dropbacks
Sam Hartman, Notre Dame 94.0 582
Drake Maye, North Carolina 93.9 800
Jordan Travis, Florida State 93.3 565
Caleb Williams, USC 93.0 727
Michael Penix Jr., Washington 92.8 915
Jayden Daniels, LSU 92.2 692
Taulia Tagovailoa, Maryland 91.1 685
Bo Nix, Oregon 90.9 804
J.J. McCarthy, Michigan 90.5 541
Kedon Slovis, BYU 87.7 423
Michael Pratt, Tulane 86.9 540
Devin Leary, Kentucky 86.8 451
Carter Bradley, South Alabama 86.3 637
Spencer Rattler, South Carolina 84.9 644
Joe Milton III, Tennessee 79.5 374

Notre Dame’s Sam Hartman tops the first stable metric category with the best clean-pocket passing grade over the past two seasons. Hartman is currently ranked as QB11 on the PFF big board His overall performance dropped off a fair bit in his final (sixth) year, and first with the Fighting Irish. Hartman had previously spent five seasons with Wake Forest and earned elite passing grades in 2021 (90.5) and 2022 (89.4) but fell to a 78.9 mark in 2023. Without the 2022 season included in his overall grade, Hartman would still rank third among 2023 quarterbacks from a clean pocket (92.4), which is a promising sign.

Most legitimate quarterbacks perform well from a clean pocket, so it’s no surprise that the top five quarterback prospects in this year’s class have all earned 90.0-plus passing grades over these past two seasons. Concerns arise for those lower on the list, as this should be an “easier” facet to grade well in.


Quarterback Straight-Dropback Grade Straight Dropbacks
Drake Maye, North Carolina 92.7 924
Michael Penix Jr., Washington 91.6 1,048
Jayden Daniels, LSU 90.6 744
Bo Nix, Oregon 90.6 771
Sam Hartman, Notre Dame 90.4 762
Jordan Travis, Florida State 90.4 600
Caleb Williams, USC 89.3 802
J.J. McCarthy, Michigan 82.9 584
Taulia Tagovailoa, Maryland 79.9 734
Michael Pratt, Tulane 79.7 656
Joe Milton III, Tennessee 77.1 438
Kedon Slovis, BYU 76.6 534
Devin Leary, Kentucky 73.9 560
Carter Bradley, South Alabama 72.5 772
Spencer Rattler, South Carolina 68.9 762

North Carolina’s Drake Maye and Washington’s Michael Penix Jr. recorded the most straight dropbacks over the past two seasons, and as a result, both players seem to have perfected their craft as the top two scorers in this stable metric.

Maye and Penix had fewer than 100 rollouts over the past two seasons, while Bo Nix and Caleb Williams both topped 100 in that regard and led the group in passing grade on that dropback type. Even though that isn’t one of the stable metrics of quarterback play, it does highlight the different strengths in this draft class.


Quarterback First/Second-Down Grade First/Second-Down Dropbacks
Michael Penix Jr., Washington 90.3 940
Jordan Travis, Florida State 90.0 581
Drake Maye, North Carolina 89.9 874
Bo Nix, Oregon 89.6 763
Sam Hartman, Notre Dame 89.5 648
Jayden Daniels, LSU 86.6 751
Caleb Williams, USC 83.6 838
Joe Milton III, Tennessee 83.1 365
J.J. McCarthy, Michigan 80.7 547
Michael Pratt, Tulane 79.7 564
Taulia Tagovailoa, Maryland 78.9 721
Kedon Slovis, BYU 76.2 466
Devin Leary, Kentucky 71.3 460
Carter Bradley, South Alabama 70.5 635
Spencer Rattler, South Carolina 68.3 716

Penix’s greatest strength relative to the rest of the quarterback class is his play on early downs, recording more dropbacks and a better passing grade than any of this year’s group over the past two seasons. For what it’s worth, his passing grade on late downs is 90.0 since 2022, so he’s performed particularly well regardless of the down, but in those stable early situations, he leads the way.

First- and second-down passing grade was one of Caleb Williams' poorer metrics, interestingly. Where he made up for it was on third and fourth downs, leading the group in passing grade (92.1) over the past two seasons. While those late-down situations aren’t considered a stable metric, it speaks to some of the appeal of Williams, as he’s come up with more clutch throws. These metrics won’t account for that, but it's worth mentioning when it comes to introductions for these players.


Quarterback Non-Play Action Grade Non-Play Action Dropbacks
Drake Maye, North Carolina 91.4 878
Caleb Williams, USC 90.7 648
Bo Nix, Oregon 90.5 657
Jayden Daniels, LSU 90.3 785
Jordan Travis, Florida State 85.8 540
Michael Penix Jr., Washington 84.0 837
Sam Hartman, Notre Dame 83.0 599
Michael Pratt, Tulane 77.6 549
J.J. McCarthy, Michigan 75.8 582
Kedon Slovis, BYU 74.6 451
Carter Bradley, South Alabama 73.5 593
Taulia Tagovailoa, Maryland 70.2 696
Joe Milton III, Tennessee 65.7 266
Spencer Rattler, South Carolina 65.0 755
Devin Leary, Kentucky 64.9 432

The play-action pass is designed to get defenses off balance while anticipating the run, thus opening up more passing lanes. It’s a key part of NFL offenses, as well, but removing that cheat code from the equation presents a better picture of which quarterbacks performed well without the additional help.

The top four quarterbacks in this metric are the top four quarterbacks on the PFF big board, as they all earned passing grades above 90.0 since 2022.


Quarterback Beyond-The-Sticks Grade Beyond-The-Sticks Attempts
Drake Maye, North Carolina 96.2 467
Caleb Williams, USC 94.8 449
Jayden Daniels, LSU 94.1 342
Bo Nix, Oregon 94.1 351
Sam Hartman, Notre Dame 93.7 435
Michael Penix Jr., Washington 93.4 559
Jordan Travis, Florida State 92.5 387
J.J. McCarthy, Michigan 92.4 345
Michael Pratt, Tulane 91.8 308
Taulia Tagovailoa, Maryland 91.1 353
Kedon Slovis, BYU 86.4 258
Spencer Rattler, South Carolina 85.8 291
Carter Bradley, South Alabama 84.1 330
Devin Leary, Kentucky 81.2 283
Joe Milton III, Tennessee 79.1 213

Throws beyond the sticks is another stable metric that top quarterbacks should be grading well in, as the large majority of positively graded plays will come from such attempts. The top four quarterbacks on the PFF big board once again lead the way. They make the high-level throws and are not just reliant on those around them, capable of being the primary reason for offensive success.


Quarterback Percentage of Negatively Graded Plays Total Snaps
Bo Nix, Oregon 5.54% 1,824
J.J. McCarthy, Michigan 6.85% 1,709
Jayden Daniels, LSU 7.37% 1,602
Michael Pratt, Tulane 7.49% 1,576
Spencer Rattler, South Carolina 8.17% 1,615
Joe Milton III, Tennessee 8.28% 1,002
Jordan Travis, Florida State 8.44% 1,470
Drake Maye, North Carolina 8.49% 2,002
Kedon Slovis, BYU 9.00% 1,256
Sam Hartman, Notre Dame 9.28% 1,605
Carter Bradley, South Alabama 9.29% 1,669
Caleb Williams, USC 10.23% 1,798
Taulia Tagovailoa, Maryland 10.35% 1,584
Michael Penix Jr., Washington 10.44% 1,983
Devin Leary, Kentucky 10.90% 1,128

Oregon's Bo Nix has shined throughout these stable metrics, ranking among the top four in five of six categories, with his ability to limit negative plays being his strongest asset. His incredible 45-to-3 touchdown-to-interception ratio in 2023 was the perfect example of just how much that played a part in his final college season.

Michigan’s J.J. McCarthy and LSU’s Jayden Daniels have also done a great job at limiting negative plays, with Daniels also boasting one of the more impressive touchdown-to-interception rations of the 2023 season (40-to-4). McCarthy and Daniels are first-round picks in Trevor Sikkema’s latest mock draft.

Caleb Williams threw just five interceptions in each of the past two seasons, but he made 29 turnover-worthy plays — a potential knock on the projected first-overall pick in 2024. Williams, luckily, posted plenty of encouraging scores in these stable metrics to make up for this one lowly showing.


Rank Quarterback PFF Big Board QB Rank
1 Drake Maye, North Carolina 2
2 Bo Nix, Oregon 4
3 Jayden Daniels, LSU 3
4 Jordan Travis, Florida State 9
5 Sam Hartman, Notre Dame 11
6 Caleb Williams, USC 1
7 Michael Penix Jr., Washington 5
8 J.J. McCarthy, Michigan 6
9 Michael Pratt, Tulane 7
10 Taulia Tagovailoa, Maryland 12
11 Kedon Slovis, BYU 14
12 Joe Milton III, Tennessee 10
13 Spencer Rattler, South Carolina 8
14 Carter Bradley, South Alabama 13
15 Devin Leary, Kentucky 15


North Carolina’s Drake Maye leads the group after finishing with a top-three mark in five of six stable metric categories, with his lowest showing coming in negatively graded plays (eighth). Maye is set to be one of the first two quarterbacks, and likely one of the top two picks, selected in this year’s draft, and there are no signs here that he isn’t worthy of those expectations.

Caleb Williams is the top quarterback on the PFF big board but does fall a little in these stable metric ranks compared to some of his peers. Outside of negatively graded plays, Williams performed well in these metrics and across the board since his first college season in 2021, including earning 90.0-plus overall grades in all three seasons.

Both Oregon’s Bo Nix and LSU’s Jayden Daniels are top-four quarterbacks on the PFF big board and finish within that range in the consensus stable metric rankings, which is an encouraging sign for them as prospects.

Jordan Travis out of Florida State is the ninth-ranked quarterback on the PFF big board, and the six-year player places fourth in these consensus stable metric rankings. Travis isn’t likely to be drafted among the top quarterbacks in this class, but there are several positives to point to when looking at his stable metrics.

Safety worth way more than 2 points. Help protect your family with fast, free will.

NFL Draft Featured Tools


Unlock the 2023 Fantasy Draft Kit, with League Sync, Live Draft Assistant, PFF Grades & Data Platform that powers all 32 Pro Teams

$31 Draft Kit Fee + $8.99/mo
$89.88/yr + FREE Draft Kit